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Article Dans Une Revue Applied and Environmental Microbiology Année : 2021

Environmental Free-Living Amoebae Can Predate on Diverse Antibiotic-Resistant Human Pathogens

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Résumé

Here, we sought to test the resistance of human pathogens to unaltered environmental free-living amoebae. Amoebae are ubiquitous eukaryotic microorganisms and important predators of bacteria. Environmental amoebae have also been proposed to serve as both potential reservoirs and training grounds for human pathogens. However, studies addressing their relationships with human pathogens often rely on a few domesticated amoebae that have been selected to feed on rich medium, thereby possibly overestimating the resistance of pathogens to these predatory phagocytes. From an open-air composting site, we recovered over 100 diverse amoebae that were able to feed on Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae. In a standardized and quantitative assay for predation, the isolated amoebae showed a broad predation spectrum, killing clinical isolates of A. baumannii, K. pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus. Interestingly, A. baumannii, which was previously reported to resist predation by laboratory strains of Acanthamoeba, was efficiently consumed by closely related environmental amoebae. The isolated amoebae were capable of feeding on highly virulent carbapenem-resistant or methicillin-resistant clinical isolates. In conclusion, the natural environment is a rich source of amoebae with broad-spectrum bactericidal activities, including against antibiotic-resistant isolates.
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Dates et versions

hal-03719636 , version 1 (11-07-2022)

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Félix Bornier, Eline Zas, Damien Potheret, Maria-Halima Laaberki, Bénédicte Coupat-Goutaland, et al.. Environmental Free-Living Amoebae Can Predate on Diverse Antibiotic-Resistant Human Pathogens. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2021, 87 (18), pp.e00747-21. ⟨10.1128/aem.00747-21⟩. ⟨hal-03719636⟩
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