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Article Dans Une Revue (Article De Synthèse) Animal Année : 2022

A quantitative review of on-farm feeding practices to enhance the quality of grassland-based ruminant dairy and meat products

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Résumé

In the last decades, a large body of evidence has highlighted the major role of feeding management practices in improving specific nutritional, technological and sensory quality traits of ruminant products. However, results have been mostly obtained under controlled conditions, and have been rarely validated on-farm. Therefore, a quantitative review was conducted to quantify the effects of on-farm feeding management practices on carotenoids, fat-soluble vitamins, colour, fatty acids (FAs), terpenes and sensory properties in the main animal product categories (PCs): dairy products from cattle (DC), sheep (DS) and goat (DG), and meat from cattle (MC) and sheep (MS). Four feeding scenarios were selected according to the consistency of on-farm studies in the literature: (a) feeding "Fresh herbage" instead of conserved forages; (b) ban any form of silage ("Silage-free"); (c) ban maize silage ("Maize silage-free"); (d) feeding forages from permanent grasslands rich in species or plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) ("PSM-rich permanent grassland"). Feeding fresh herbage increased the concentration of carotenoids, fat-soluble vitamin, n-3 FA, rumenic acid, and branched chain FA (BCFA), and reduced the concentration of saturated FA, for all PC, with overall stronger effect for dairy products than for meat. The texture of meat and dairy products was marginally affected, whereas feeding fresh herbage decreased lactic and increased vegetal notes in DC. The "Silage-free" feeding scenario resulted in increased vaccenic acid, rumenic acid, BCFA, and C18:3n-3 in DC. The "Maize silage-free" feeding scenario lowered n-6 FA whereas increased n-3, rumenic acid and BCFA concentrations in DC. Feeding ruminants with forages from "PSM-rich permanent grasslands" increased monounsaturated FA, n-3 FA and rumenic acid and decreased n-6 FA in dairy products, and only marginally affected meat FA composition. The DC from "PSM-rich permanent grasslands" showed higher intense, spicy and animal notes. Overall, the differences between feeding management practices observed on farm were smaller than those observed under controlled trials. Several confounding factors, not controlled when operating under on-farm conditions, could be at the origin of these divergences (i.e. mixed diets, forage characteristics, animal-related factors). This review confirmed that farming practices may differently affect several quality traits of ruminant products. It also highlighted the uneven knowledge on the effect of feeding management depending on the PC: larger for milk than for meat and decreasing when moving from cattle to sheep and from sheep to goat.

Dates et versions

hal-03414225 , version 1 (04-11-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

A. Cabiddu, G. Peratoner, B. Valenti, Valérie Monteils, Bruno Martin, et al.. A quantitative review of on-farm feeding practices to enhance the quality of grassland-based ruminant dairy and meat products. Animal, 2022, 16 (Supplement 1), pp.100375. ⟨10.1016/j.animal.2021.100375⟩. ⟨hal-03414225⟩
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