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Laparoscopic insemination method in sheep allows the use of an animal protein-free and inexpensive freezing medium

Abstract : Animal-derived products are widely used in sperm cryopreservation for their cryoprotective properties. These components, however, must be replaced because of sanitary risks. STEMALPHA.CRYO3 (Ref. 5617, Stem Alpha), called CRYO3, is a chemically defined preservation medium currently used for freezing human tissue and adult stem cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a CRYO3-based medium and of two cooling rates on in vitro parameters and in vivo fertility of ram sperm. Six rams (Blanche du Massif Central) were subjected to sperm collection four times using an artificial vagina. Sperm were split and frozen in three media: an egg yolk and milk-based medium (positive control), a CRYO3-based medium (tested medium), and a medium without additives (negative control). The two cooling rates were related to the distance between the straws and the surface of liquid nitrogen during the freezing process (5 and 20 cm). Sperm membrane integrity (propidium iodide/SYBR-14), acrosome integrity (fluorescein isothiocyanate-peanut agglutinin/propidium iodide; FITC-PNA/PI), and mitochondrial membrane potential (JC-1) were assessed using flow cytometry, whereas functional membrane integrity was assessed using a hypo-osmotic swelling test and motion characteristics were evaluated using computer-assisted sperm analysis. Pregnancy rate, parturition rate, and prolificacy were evaluated after performing laparoscopic inseminations (n ¼ 75 ewes). Moreover, we characterised the freezing media thermodynamically using a differential scanning calorimeter. Statistical analyses were performed using R software. In vitro parameters were assessed using a mixed model including the time and the medium as fixed effects and the ram as a random effect. Pregnancy and parturition rates, following a binomial distribution, and prolificacy, assumed to follow a Poisson distribution, were analysed using generalised linear models, including the medium as a fixed effect and the ram as a random effect. Differences with P , 0.05 were considered statistically significant. The cooling rates had no significant effect except on the wobble motion parameter. The positive control medium showed significantly higher results than the CRYO3-based medium and the negative control medium for all in vitro parameters except for straightness motion parameter. Conversely, field trials showed no significant difference between the media for pregnancy rate (71, 64, and 74%), parturition rate (68, 61, and 74%) and prolificacy (2.0, 2.1, and 1.7), for the positive control, CRYO3-based medium, and the negative control, respectively. This study showed that the product, CRYO3, cannot replace egg yolk and milk in freezing extenders. Moreover, we showed that laparoscopic inseminations allowed a 74% parturition rate due to an easy and inexpensive medium comprising only a Tris buffer and glycerol. Although it could not be used on a large scale, this medium remains an option for international transport or long-term storage of genetic diversity.
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Soumis le : mercredi 22 janvier 2020 - 22:12:14
Dernière modification le : jeudi 9 avril 2020 - 11:53:35
Archivage à long terme le : : jeudi 23 avril 2020 - 18:27:53


IETS 2020 - Poster Lucie Gavin...
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Lucie Gavin-Plagne, Lionel Boyer, Anne Baudot, Magda Guedes Teixeira, Gérard Louis, et al.. Laparoscopic insemination method in sheep allows the use of an animal protein-free and inexpensive freezing medium. Annual Conference of the International Embryo Technology Society, Jan 2020, New York, United States. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 32 (2), pp.206, 2020, ⟨10.1071/RDv32n2Ab159⟩. ⟨hal-02450391⟩



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